The National Disaster Response Plan (NDRP) is the Government of the Philippines’ “multi-hazard” response plan. Emergency management as defined in the NDRRM Act of 2010 (RA10121), is the organization and management of resources to address all aspects or phases of the emergency, mitigation of, preparedness for, response to and recovery from a disaster or emergency. The Office of Civil Defense (OCD), in consultation with NDRRMC member agencies developed the NDRP. It outlines the processes and mechanisms to facilitate a coordinated response by the national and/or at the local level departments/agencies. Local government institutions are responsible for the development and improvement of local response plans relative to their areas of responsibility and underlying risks.
The NDRP acknowledges the existence of two levels of operation: one is at the national level and the second is at the LGU level. The national level involves the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) and the Regional Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Councils (RDRRMCs). The LGU level involves the Provincial/City/Municipal Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Councils (P/C/MDRRMCs). The content of the NDRP involves the operation at the national level only but shows the integration of the national response to the LGU level of operation.
Memorandum Order No. 23, s.2014 dated 20 Oct 2014, NDRP for HydroMet officially sealed the utilization of the new Philippine Cluster Approach System and its operational workflow. Also, the NDRP for Earthquakes and Tsunamis was drafted and has been subjected to series of simulation exercises/drills by the NDRRMC – Response Cluster to test its applicability and effectiveness.
Now, at the national level, the response mechanisms has proven its effectiveness from the past disasters specially for natural disasters like TY RUBY, GLENDA, LANDO, and even during plan activities such as APEC 2015, Papal Visit, and Black Nazarene Traslacion. Thus, an implementing group through the Vice-Chairperson for Response under the leadership of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) is recommended to re-focus for the enhancement of the NDRP for HydroMet and finalization of the NDRP for Earthquake and Tsunami. The plan is to organize a workshop composed of disaster response technical people including partner civilian counterparts to address the important thematic areas of DRRM; Response.